A Critical Introduction to Skepticism by Allan Hazlett

By Allan Hazlett

Skepticism is still a crucial and defining factor in epistemology, and within the wider culture of Western philosophy. to higher comprehend the modern place of this crucial philosophical topic, Allan Hazlett introduces a variety of subject matters, including:
• old skepticism
• skeptical arguments within the paintings of Hume and Descartes
• Cartesian skepticism in modern epistemology
• anti-skeptical concepts, together with Mooreanism, nonclosure, and contextualism
• extra forms of skepticism
• the sensible outcomes of Cartesian skepticism
Presenting a complete survey of the major difficulties, arguments, and theories, including extra readings, A severe advent to Skepticism is a perfect consultant for college students and students seeking to know the way skepticism is shaping epistemology today.

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Fourth, all the replies to the self-refutation objection that we considered above could be used, mutatis mutandis, against the self-undermining objection. 2 The apraxia objection Probably the most instinctive and common and historically important objection to skepticism is the charge that skepticism is, in some sense, impractical. The skeptic, so the objection goes, will be unable to act, or she will be unable to live a normal life, or she will become immoral and irreligious. Here is Socrates: [W]e will be better men, braver and less idle, if we believe that one must search for the things that one does not know, rather than if we believe that it is not possible to find out what we do not know and that we must not look for it.

18; Bermudez 2008, pp. 67–9), Aristotelian ideas dominated the epistemological scene. 26 Skepticism came back to life in the Early Modern period. indd 28 09/12/2013 08:09 The Skeptical Persuasion 29 Two factors played a decisive role here. The first was the Protestant Reformation. 2): for the Protestants, the standard was individual conscience; for the Catholics (at least at first), the standard was tradition. ) proliferating. 1), Early Modern skepticism was motivated, at least at first, by the persistence—and eventual violence—of religious disagreement.

Call this the self-undermining objection to skepticism (cf. 43; Bayle, Dictionary, pp. 205–6). 1), but four observations should be made here. First, the self-undermining objection does not suggest that skepticism is false; at most it suggests that skepticism cannot be defended. Second, in connection with this, the premises of an argument might be true, even if they are not known, so the self-undermining objection does not suggest that the premises of the skeptic’s argument are false. Third, the selfundermining objection does not seem to threaten Pyrrhonian skepticism.

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