By Andrey Yury Filchenko
A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous jap Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language kinfolk has been constructed. The examine bases at the corpus of ordinary narrative discourse, and is decided in a common cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language approach and gives a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language facts. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of straightforward and complicated clauses. within the sector of phonology, such systematic positive factors as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the approach is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, japanese Khanty styles as a regular SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical positive aspects contain non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative development opposed to the overall historical past of Nom-Acc process of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical kin, jap Khanty exhibits robust choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, usually mapped onto Agent semantic function. This choice is still dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that usually has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and promoting of the non-Agent. research of jap Khanty complicated clauses finds strong use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal techniques of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate forms in accordance with morphosyntactic standards looks insufficient, divorced from the structural range of the saw complicated clauses. Cognitive-functional process is used as a substitute, implying a common means of construal of associated occasions, attractive to cognitive kinfolk among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural skill. This ends up in a continuum of combinable positive aspects finding every one clause on the subject of both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage thoughts are with regards to the pragmatic differentiation of data in utterances, with pragmatics, details structuring features being on the middle of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.
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Extra resources for A grammar of Eastern Khanty
Linguistics 42(3): 523–71. 018 Mendikoetxea, Amaya. 1999. “Construcciones inacusativas y pasivas”. In Gramática Descriptiva de la Lengua Española, vol. 2: Las Construccions Sintácticas Fundamentales. ), 1575– 1629. Madrid: Real Academia Española and Espasa Calpe. Ramchand, Gillian C. 2008. Verb meaning and the lexicon. A first phase syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1017/CBO9780511486319 Rigau, Gemma. 1997. “Locative sentences and related constructions in Catalan: ésser/haver alternation”.
Why it is we say She ninja walked and not She walk ninjaed. Rather, it seems that walk is already verbal when ninja adjoins to it. Additionally, ninja seems to be nominal, and not an acategorial root, as suggested by the fact that it bears an entity reading (“walk like a ninja”): (37) [V ninjaN [V walkV]] As for truck driver, it can be analysed as the adjunction of the noun truck to driver, the object interpretation being inferred, not entailed. That is, from this perspective a truck-driver is a “driver of trucks” (see (38b)) rather than “someone who drives trucks” (see (38a)): (38) a.
As a matter of fact, in languages of the Catalan-type certain existential predicates allow the interpretation of roots as modifiers (Catalan example from Mateu 2002: 188): (i) En aquesta coral n’hi canten molts, de nens. ’ In the above predicate the verb canten does not license its prototypical activity interpretation, and, in fact, the predicate shows unaccusative behaviour, as evidenced by ne-extraction. Rather, the interpretation of the whole sentence is existential, the root √cant being limited to labelling, as a modifier, the (static) relationship asserted between the choir and the children.